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Affenpinscher Dog
Toy Dog Breeds

affempinscher dog

The Affenpinscher dog is a very playful and energetic toy dog breed, but because this breed is quite territorial and guarding of their toys, they are not the best match for families that have toddlers or rather young children.

The Affen, as he is often affectionately called, is a terrier-type toy dog with a similar personality. Its name, translated from the German, means Monkey Terrier which may explain its somewhat comical expression.

Ancestors of Affenpinscher dogs are believed to include the Schnauzer and smooth Miniature Pinscher. It is also considered to be the main breed that was used in the development of the Brussels Griffon.

Records date the breed back to the 17th century. In its early days it was used by farmers to rid their property of rats and mice, though it was a larger dog at that time. Certainly its terrier disposition and fearless demeanor would have suited it to the job very well.

The Affenpinscher dog has a shaggy appearance, mischievous expression and large alert eyes. His face is framed by an abundance of hair which looks rather unruly and spiky. The rest of the coat is a mixture of short and dense or shaggy.

affenpinscher dog


Max ideal height: 10-1/4 inches Weight: 7-8 pounds
Colors: Black, black/tan, red and dark gray.

Coat and Care:

The Affenpinscher dog has a harsh wiry haired coat that has a cute shaggy look to it. He is a light shedder, but the coat is unique and best groomed by a professional. A brushing two to three times a week will suffice in between visits to the groomer.

affenpinscher dog breed book for owners

Personality and Traits:

An affectionate, though a bit mischievous, loyal companion and a very popular family pet. This toy dog is extremely intelligent - learns quickly, is bold and playful, normally of even disposition but he can be a tad stubborn and short-tempered at times. He will delight you with his entertaining little tricks.

Make no mistake, this delicate looking little dog is very self-confident, quite fearless and makes an excellent watchdog.

With the intelligence that this dog has, it would be a crime not to train him. Here's a great program to do just that:

Affenpinscher Health:

Among the health problems that may affect Affenpinschers, luxating patella seems to be the most common followed closely by heart disease and hip dysplasia. Other concerns to be aware of that may affect the breed include various skin problems caused by allergies, eye diseases - especially cataracts, von Willebrand's a blood clotting disease, and dental problems.

In addition, like many delicate small dog breeds, collapsed trachea can be more of a risk. However, use of a harness for walks instead of a collar can help reduce pressure on the trachea.

I love my affenpinscher car decal

Activity Level:

Though not a sedentary type dog in the home, a daily walk or outdoor romp is still a good idea - wearing a coat if chilly.

Space Needs:

Adapts well to house or apartment providing he is allowed and has enough room, to run around inside. A yard is always a nice extra as every dog needs to have a change of scenery and some fresh air.


The Affenpinscher is not recommended for households with small very children, though they are otherwise a very affectionate family pet.


This is an excellent breed for the elderly - does not have heavy exercise demands, is entertaining, loving and alert to potential intruders.

Related Small Dog Pages:

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Miniature Dog Breeds


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