Parvo symptoms are so important for dog owners to be aware of, particularly if a new puppy is in the offing. While this virus can attack dogs of all ages, it is most prevalent in puppies. The parvovirus is a highly contagious and often deadly disease. It is so powerful that if one dog has it, it can be passed along very easily to all other dogs in the same vicinity.
Much more serious is the fact that once a dog gets parvo they are not likely to survive without immediate treatment.
Parvo attacks the white blood cells, the heart muscles, and the intestinal tract in your dog. The virus will destroy all vital organs until they no longer function.
Parvo symptoms are very severe and should leave no doubt in your mind that something is wrong with the dog. Parvo can cause heart inflammation for younger dogs and intensive care should be administered right away.
Signs Or Symptoms
If you see this, your dog has hit the crucial stages of parvo and needs immediate medical attention. Along with bloody discharge there will usually be a high fever. If your dog exhibits both of these simultaneously, there is no time to waste, he should be taken to the vet right away.
CausesParvo is not actually a rare disease. All dog ages and types are susceptible to it. Even if they are vaccinated early, this isn't a guarantee that they are 100% protected. There is a window between the acquired protection that puppies have from their mother to the time when vaccination protection kicks in, that they are vulnerable to this infection.
This is why it is so important that puppies be isolated from all other dogs until they are considered to be protected.
Dogs that have the disease can contaminate other dogs by way of their feces (you have seen dogs sniffing at such deposits - right?), hair and feet, plus any objects they routinely use such as their water bowls, crates, beds., etc.
Even their owners could spread it by picking it up on the soles of their shoes, or brushing up against their infected dog.
The real cause of parvo remains unknown. The disease was discovered in 1978 when it was spread through a dog show. Humans and cats are not susceptible to it, but it is suggested that the virus is a vaccine mutation and contaminant.
The first thing that needs to be done is to address the dehydration.
Not every medication for parvo symptoms can be administered at home and needs the skilled intervention of a veterinarian. Dehydration must be addressed with an IV in a medical setting where the dog can be monitored frequently.
After this, the eradication of the virus must be done by the administration of antibiotics. However, many dogs will be resistant to even large doses of common antibiotics.
If your dog has a fever, then the body temperature must be lowered. In the case of infections, protein deficiency, and bloody discharges, blood transfusions become necessary. Your dog must be hospitalized for the duration of the treatment, usually for a minimum of five days.
Prevention:Prevention of parvo and parvo symptoms is crucial.
Early vaccination - usually started around the age of eight weeks, is a very important first line of defense. The immune system has no way of fighting this virus and without resistance, the virus will easily penetrate the vital organs and destroy them.
Giving your dogs the necessary shots will help them fight against the disease. The vaccine can be given in three separate shots which will be scheduled by your vet.
As your dog ages, booster shots are generally given for ongoing protection, but the protocols for the necessity of these shots is under debate in the vet community.
By all means, owners should try to be aware of, and prevent their dog from interacting with, neighboring pets that are showing any signs of parvo symptoms.
A healthy dog usually has a stronger immune system to protect him against infection. The health of a dog is strongly linked to the quality of his nutrition, the amount of exercise he needs and the overall level of care he receives from his human family. When all these things come together, your dog has the best protection against canine diseases.
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