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Landseer Newfoundland
A Renowned Lifeguard!

When it comes to the origins of the Landseer Newfoundland, there is a fair amount of speculation about the breed's history, but not much evidence to support any one opinion. That being said, most researchers agree that the place of his origin is the Canadian island of Newfoundland and that he has existed there for around two hundred years or more.

Whereas, the Lanseer Newfoundland is a separately recognized breed in Europe, otherwise known as the Landseer ECT, he is categorized in the US and Great Britain along with the Newfoundland dog as being one and the same.

The main differences noted between the two are in relation to coat color and height, plus the LN is said to be more energetic. Of course their name differentiates them as well, the Landseer having acquired its name from the great painter Sir Edwin Landseer who depicted the breed in many of his paintings.

Most fanciers believe that the original stock of the Landseer were transported from Europe to Newfoundland aboard fishing boats. Once there they became working dogs on the shores using their great strength to help pull in the fishermen's nets or haul needed supplies.

The Landseer Newfoundland is a tall and powerful dog. Their legs support great balance and an elegant appearance. They are agile animals with a short and square muzzle. Their ears are shaped in a triangular pendant. Their eyes are dark brown with a black nose. The breed has great swimming ability which is aided in part by its webbed feet.

Personality and Traits:

newfoundland dog art print The Landseer Newfoundland is frequently described as being a happy dog of excellent temperament. He is also known to be very intelligent, generous and courageous.

With those kind of attributes, it is not surprising that he is very sociable and enjoys the companionship of his people a great deal.

While family come first, guests can also expect a friendly and respectful greeting when it is clear they are welcome.

LNs make good guard dogs. If the situation arises where they encounter an intruder, they will usually act as a barrier between themselves and their family, rather than resort to barking at them.

They also have the ability to recognize dangerous situations that may put their family at risk, but for friendly visitors who present no threat, they are mild and calm.

They are sensitive to the sound of their owner’s voice and will respond to training when presented in a calm, but firm manner. Training that revolves around water is sure to he a hit. The Landseer is a renowned lifeguard - stories abound about the number of people - and even other dogs, he has saved by pulling them to shore from perilous situations in the water.

Health Concerns:

The Landseer Newfoundland, which can live up to 10 years or more with dedicated care, is susceptable to a few health problems, especially if they become overweight.

They are prone to heart disease which is hereditary as well as hip dysplasia. Puppies should be checked for sub-aortic stenosis once they reach eight to twelve weeks old. Adults should not be allowed to breed until they have been cleared for this.

Bloat can also be a issue with the breed. Owners can divide their food up into smaller meals to reduce this risk.

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The male Landseer Newfoundland is typically 28 to 30 inches in height while the female Landseer Newfoundland is typically 26 to 28 inches in height.

The males will weigh an average of 130 to 150 pounds while the females weigh between 100 to 120 pounds.

This very large dog has a gentle ambiance about him that is very reassuring. Much like the St. Bernard, you get the feeling that he would come to your aid if needed. Solid in appearance, big boned and strong, he typifies the ideal physical characteristics of a working dog.

Coat and Care:

Newfoundland Dog Puppy, Jaynes Gallery Iron on Heat Transfer
The coat of the Landseer Newfoundland is predominently white, broken by patches of black throughout the body. The collar, belly, chest, and legs are white while the head is often black.

The double coat is water-repellent and lies flat. The undercoat is soft and dense while the outercoat is a more coarse texture, but soft to the touch. A dog that spends more time indoors will likely lose the undercoat over time.

Frequent brushing is needed to maintain the coat and keep it free of mats and tangles. During the times of heavy seasonal shedding the brushing frequency needs to be stepped up. The FURminator is an excellent tool to remove dead hair from such a full-coated dog breed.

The LN should only be bathed as necessary so as not to strip the natural oils from the coat which provide the waterproof protection. Use of dry shampoo is an alternate option.

Along with coat maintenance, nails should be inspected for clipping. Ear inspection and cleaning is important to all dogs, but even more so to dogs that spend a lot of time in the water such as the LN. It is a also a good idea to give your dog an overall pet checkup once a week - you can find out how to do that here.

Activity Level:

These dogs thoroughly enjoy swimming and the outdoors. This is the ultimate exercise if you have access to areas where dogs can swim safely.

As an alternate to water activities, or in addition to, longish daily walks are a good option, plus every dog needs leash training. This is a good way/time to work on establishing your leadership which is very necessary with large dogs.

The age and health of the dog should always be kept in mind in selecting the level of exercise activities.

Space And Environment::

If you live in a cool climate, your Landseer will be more comfortable, happy and grateful! If you live near bodies of water, he will be ecstatic. A spacious house is more suitable than an apartment.

Landseers are not very active indoors, so access to a shady yard for fresh air, a little play and some training sessions would be ideal.


Landseer dogs have a good reputation as being gentle and protective playmates with children, but if you have very small children you might want to keep in mind that this is a big powerful dog that could accidentally knock them over.

Aside from that note, this dog seems pretty bulletproof unless a child should do something out of the ordinary to injure it that may cause an out-of-character reaction from the dog.

Even after teaching a child the proper way to interact with pets, supervision by an adult is still the best policy whenever they are together because both children and pets can be unpredictable.


Landseer Newfoundland dogs provide extremely good service in therapy situations. However, for an elderly family to provide care for one in the home, might be too challenging.

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