The Dachshund is a hardy breed that has strong abilities for tracking
and scenting. Their hunting life began about three hundred years ago
when they were bred to go to ground against badgers, hares and stoats.
In fact "Badger dog" is the another version of their name.
Affectionately referred to as Doxies or Weiner dogs, the breed comes in
two "flavors" - standard and miniature size. Nowadays, they are very
popular as family companions.
As far as their ancestry is concerned, there is some evidence that they are descended from a similar looking dog that existed at a very early time in ancient Egypt.
Dachshunds are still used for hunting in some parts of Europe.
Dachshunds are sweet, clever, amusing, courageous, and intelligent. But, they can be independent and difficult to train.
Strong leadership and proper training is needed right from the beginning to bring out the best in them.
Without consistent leadership, this cute little dog will grab the reins and develop a bossy attitude with his family real quick, along with a host of unwanted behaviors. All can be avoided if he is started out right.
As a family companion, Doxies are considered to be very loyal and make good watchdogs. They do tend to gain weight easily, so a closer watch on the diet is called for.
The long-haired variety are said to have a more mellow temperament.
Height: 12-14 inches
Weight: 16-32 lbs.
Standard Color variations: Solid - red or yellow, 2-color - black, chocolate, gray with tan; white/yellow; or dappled
There are three coat types seen in the Dachshund: smooth/short-haired, long-haired, and wire-haired.
All Doxie coat types shed because, unlike many dogs, they have fur instead of hair. This type of coat favors year-round shedding because it doesn't grow. The amount of shedding varies with the coat type - surprisingly, the short-haired sheds the most.
While overall shedding in the breed is moderate, seasonal changes can affect the amount. General care of the Dachshund consists of brushing, bathing, regular ear cleaning, nail trimming and teeth brushing.
The short/smooth coat will take a regular damp rubdown and an owner may choose to have the coat hand-stripped a couple of times a year to keep it in the best condition.
The long-haired will need a bit more attention to avoid matting and may need an occasional trim.
Fortunately, the Doxies are naturally pretty clean dogs with low dog odor.
Families with Dachshunds may expect to enjoy their pet for up to 16 years with good nutrition and veterinary care.
Canine diseases that are associated with the breed include:
Because of their long spine, Doxies should be discouraged from excessive jumping that might lead to back problems. Also, keep an eye on their weight in consideration of the same.
This breed is fairly energetic and will enjoy a daily walk - but keep in mind those short legs and don't make him trot too
On the other hand, a Doxie will be quite happy being sedentary, but can get lazy and put on weight if owners are not diligent about diet and exercise.
This small dog will be comfortable in either a house or apartment but be aware that they can be barkers and need to learn
the quiet command to make a good neighbor.
In their day to day living, it is recommended that the Dachshund not be encouraged to jump on or off of furniture as they are at risk for spinal injuries due to their long backs.
With older considerate children, they love to play games. But be forewarned, this little dog will defend itself against
young children if they are too rough or mean.
The best policy - no matter what the breed of dog - is to always have an adult should oversee any activities between children and pets.
The Dachshund is a good breed for seniors of more sedentary families as long as they are not overly indulged to be lazy and allowed to eat too much.
While exercise requirements are not demanding, every dog needs to get out for health and mental well-being.
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