The Puli Dog
Puli dog image courtesy of tremeo.exofire.net
The Puli Dog, also known as the Hungarian Puli, has a history that is woven among the sheepdogs of western Europe and has been a helper/drover assistant to Hungarian shepherds for over a thousand years.
As a result of interbreeding with the Pumi and other sheepdog breeds during the 17th century, the breed so declined in number that it was in danger of being lost. Fortunately it was subsequently restored by dedicated breeders.
Pulik (plural) are sturdy, medium sized dogs, squarely built and muscular with a resemblance to the Tibetan Terrier - a distant relative of the breed.
The long corded coat is its most distinctive trademark, but is a feature that is not seen right away in the adorable puppies until the coat becomes more mature.
Personality and Traits:
This breed is an excellent family companion and is reputed to be highly intelligent and easy to train. Like most herding dogs, they know how to think for themselves, which can come across as being a tad stubborn.
That being said, a confident owner/leader with some experience in positive dog training will easily be able to train this smart dog around the house as well as for competitive sports such as agility and obedience. These are activities in which the breed excels and are also excellent ways to channel their high energy and athletic abilities.
In the home, the
Puli dog is a
lively, cheerful and affectionate dog that loves play and getting attention. He is naturally protective of his family,
though not aggressive. As with most herding dogs, early socialization is recommended to expose him to a variety of
people, places and situations.
Activity Level:A very agile dog breed with a ton of energy. Owners should plan on regular walks or jogs without fail after the Puli has attained his full bone growth. Prior to that time, care should be taken not to over exercise a puppy.
When fully grown, lack of sufficient exercise will result in a bored Puli dog and entice him toward mischievous behavior.
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Appearance:Height: 16-17 inches or more
Weight: 22-30 pounds
Coat colors: Colors are predominately solid and are seen in black, rusty black, gray, white, or a cream color, "fako" in Hungary. There is one variation of the cream colored coat in which the dogs have a black mask. Black is the color most often associated with the Puli dog breed.
Coat and Care:There is no mistaking the unique coat of this breed, nor the obvious need for regular maintenance. The outer coat in long and full, while the undercoat is soft, woolly, and very dense. The cording of the coat naturally occurs while the dog is still in the puppy stage - around six months. At this time the undercoat begins to mingle with the top coat. Although the coat in its normal corded state looks very unruly, it actually provides protection against the elements and/or potential injury when the dog is used for working.
Grooming of the coat can be done in two ways - either brushing to prevent the cords from forming, or routinely separating the cords into thin strands to prevent the cords becoming a magnet for dirt and parasites. Owners report that the Puli seems to enjoy the grooming process, and with regular attention it doesn't become a daunting task. Bathing is also part of routine care, but the truth of the matter is that the coat does take a long time to dry.
On the plus side, this breed doesn't shed so you won't have to deal with a battle of hair around the house. Plus, if the dog is not going to be a participant in dog shows, the cords can be clipped to a shorter length for easier care.
HealthTh Puli dog usually enjoys a very healthy lifespan of up to fifteen years. However, if you are intending to acquire a pure bred Puli puppy, do ask the breeders you meet if their dogs are tested and have received CHIC certification for the conditions most likely to affect the breed.
Responsible breeders will have their breeding stock tested for hereditary conditions that are sometimes seen in this breed. These include hip dysplasia, eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy, and deafness.
Space Needs:This breed is not fussy about accommodations, but since they are very energetic and so enjoy lots of play and romping, a yard is very desirable. A rural setting would probably be the most ideal setting, providing it has secure boundaries to contain his inquisitive nature.
A yard also provides a good place for training sessions.
Children:Pulik do best with older children who are considerate and gentle with pets. Smaller children may be a bit overwhelmed by their level of energy and herding instincts.
No matter what age a child may be, the best policy is to always have an adult closely supervise activities between pets and children.
Elderly:The Puli dog breed is best suited to an active household and an experienced owner. Plus he has above average grooming and exercise needs.
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A special edition book and valuable resource for Puli owners and fanciers of the breed. Information includes breed history and characteristics, advice on puppy selection, raising and caring for the breed, health care, grooming, and training. Illustrated with over 135 color photographs.
A comprehensive owner guide covering the history and characteristics of the Puli as well as the breed standard. Also included is advice an owner needs to know about selecting and caring for a puppy, feeding, grooming, obedience training, health care and maintenance.
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