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Pembroke Welsh Corgi
A Herding Dog Of Substance!

The history of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi can be traced back to records dated between 920-1107 AD. It is thought that they were brought to Britain around this time period by Flemish weavers who settled in the area of Pembrokeshire in Wales - hence the origin of their name.

pembroke welsh corgi standing outside in bushy surroundings
Courtesy A Nee

The Corgis are the shortest of the herding dogs, but this low stature combined with their quick agility enabled them to excel in their original job of herding various cattle, as well as horses. In some areas they are still used as working dogs.

Although breeders at one time routinely interbred the Pembroke with the Cardigan Corgi, this practice was discontinued in 1934 and they are now distinct breeds with noticeable differences.

Some of these differences are rather subtle and may not be noticed by the untrained eye. But upon close inspection one can see that the Pembroke has pointed ears while his counterpart has rounded ears.

In addition, the Pembroke has a very short tail, while the Cardigan's is long and brush-like. Other less noticeable differences of the Pembroke are his height - slightly shorter, facial expression - more fox-like, and demeanor - more excitable.

Ancestors of the breed include the Schipperke, Pomeranian, Keeshond, Samoyed, Norwegian Elkhound, Chow-Chow, and Finnish Spitz.

There is some speculation that there may also be an ancestral link between the Corgi and the Swedish Vallhund, due to their physical similarities. However, if there is a relationship, it is unclear which one of these two dog breeds may have contributed to the development of the other.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a long history as a favored pet among royalty. Queen Elizabeth II, is especially fond of the breed and keeps several of them in the royal residences.

Personality and Traits of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Family Friend and FarmhandThe Pembroke Welsh Corgi: Family Friend and Farmhand (Howell's Best of Breed Library) Owners of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi will readily attest that he is a vivacious and charming dog. Regarded as being highly intelligent, cooperative and quick to learn, he makes training him more of a pleasure than a duty.

As a family companion he is loving, devoted and naturally protective. To balance out any over-protectiveness, he should be well-socialized as a puppy. He makes a good watchdog, but is not a nuisance barker.

Pembrokes are very active, enjoy playing any kind of game and want to be included in every family activity. They have retained fairly strong herding instincts which can resurface even in a family setting, to the point of nipping someone's heels. This is a behavior that can easily be corrected with consistent gentle training.

If competitive dog activities are of interest, the Pembroke loves to learn and does well in tracking, herding and obedience.


pembroke welsh corgi dog Height: 10-12 inches or more.
Ideal standard weight: 30 pounds or less
Coat colors: Red, sable, fawn, black and tan with or without white markings. White is acceptable on legs, chest, neck, muzzle, undercarriage and on head.

Coat and Care

The Pembroke has an over-all medium length coat, comprising a coarse outer coat and a weatherproof undercoat that is short and thick.

Daily brushing and combing will keep the coat in good order. Seasonal shedding is quite substantial and during this time the coat needs more frequent attention. A very effective grooming tool for coat maintenance, that gets high praise from dog owners, is the FURminator.

Pembrokes, are known for more sensitivity in having their paws and nails handled, so it is a good idea to gradually accustom them to accept this as part of the grooming process. An pet nail trimmerautomatic nail trimmer is also a good tool for reducing the stress related to this necessary task.

How Much Activity Does the Pembroke Need?

The Pembroke is very energetic around the house, but he still needs to get out for several daily walks.

If a dog from the herding group does not get sufficient activity, he will think of other ways to stay busy - some of which may not be to your liking!

Ideal Living Space

This breed is adaptable to life in a house, condo or apartment, providing he is allowed to move about indoors and is taken on regular walks.

A yard will always be a plus for playing the games he loves and getting some additional exercise.

pembroke welsh corgi bookBook The Courageous Corgi

Children and the Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi loves children and is patient with them, providing they have respect for pets and know how to treat them.

No matter what age a child may be, the best policy is to always have an adult closely supervise activities between pets and children.

Seniors or Less Active Life Styles

The loyal and loving Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an admirable companion for seniors as long as sufficient exercise can be arranged. They have a lot of stamina and enjoy long walks.

This delightful dog has brought joy to many people in therapy situations.

More About Corgis From Our Visitors

Read what other Corgi owners have shared about their pets: the Pembroke here and the Cardigan here.

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