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Belgian Sheepdogs
The Black Sheepdog Of The Family!

Although known simply as Belgian Sheepdogs in the United States, this breed is well known in many parts of the world as the Belgian Groenendael, or Chien de Berger Belge. They were first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1912 and classified with the herding dog group.

belgian sheepdog head and shoulders close up

There are four different varieties of Belgian Shepherd dogs - the Belgian Groenendael, Laekenois, Tervuren and Malinois - all of these herding dogs are named for the towns from which they originated. The main difference between them is in their coat color and coat type, the Groenendael bearing a full long coat of jet black color. Each of these varieties now have separate recognition by the AKC.

These Sheepdogs are impressive, displaying a proud carriage that is well defined and indicative of both strength and balance. The head is finely sculpted and compliments a squarely built athletic body.

Their heritage is distinguished by their working contributions to both World War I and II, where they were successful in carrying messages between the battlefields, providing ambulance assistance, and even pulling armaments when needed. Many of these herding dog breeds were also assigned to guard duty at military bases.

Today, for the most part, Belgian Sheepdogs are no longer working as herding dogs. None the less, they enjoy a job to do and excel in tracking, competitive obedience, police work, search and rescue, assistance and therapy work.

Activity Level:

Herding dog breeds, originally develoiped as working dogs, need quite a lot of exercise.

Potential owners should be prepared to provide vigorous walks on a daily basis, coupled with frequent opportunities for other energetic activities, as the ideal.

In addition, running off leash in a safe open area whenever possible, will be greatly enjoyed.

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Personality and Traits

Belgian Sheepdogs are intelligence, confident, loyal and very devoted to their family. They thrive in a family that can give them a lot of interaction and make them part of everything they do.

Consistent with most breeds of herding dogs, their nature is inherently alert and protective. These traits make them viligant watch and guard dogs, though not aggressive.

The Belgian is gentle, affectionate and friendly, seeks attention and is eager to please his master. He does best with owners who are experienced, capable of providing strong leadership and training, but without harshness.

Early socialization to people, a variety of venues and situations, is very desirable.

Appearance, Coat and Care:

Height: 22-26 inches
Weight: 61-66 pounds
Color Variations: Black, or may have patches of white on forechest, on chin and muzzle, on tips of rear toes and between pads of feet.

belgian sheepdogs
The medium textured coat is straight, abundant and long, being especially thick around the neck like a collar. The coat also forms a fringe on the back of the forelegs as well as the hindquarters.

Maintenance involves daily furminator deshedding tool for dogsbrushing to remove loose hair and prevent mats from forming. Heavy seasonal shedding occurs a couple of times a year.

Space Needs

Does best in home with a good-sized, fenced, outdoor area that can be used for training, playing and the other normal dog needs.

While he enjoys being be outside for short periods of time - preferably with you, he mostly want to be inside or wherever the family is.


Does best with children if he is raised with them from a puppy. A parent should take into consideration that this breed is quite large and might be a little overwhelming for toddlers.

As with any breed of dog, it is recommended that interactions between pets and children should always be supervised.

Seniors or the Less Active

Belgian Sheepdogs are not recommended for elderly owners or sedentary environments due to High exercise needs. But don't rule out this protective and loyal breed if you can arrange for his needs to be met with outside help.

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Book Recommendations:

Belgian Sheepdog (Comprehensive Owner's Guide)Belgian Sheepdog (Comprehensive Owner's Guide)

Covers the history of the breed, how to locate a puppy, characteristics of the BSD, all aspects of care including feeding, training, grooming, health care and more. Written by an authority of the breed as well as a renowned judge.

Dr. Pitcairn's New Complete Guide to Natural Health for DogszDr. Pitcairn's New Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs
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