English Cocker Spaniel dogs are classified as sporting dog breeds by the American Kennel Club. They were originally used for hunting small game, especially woodcock - from which their name was derived. At various times, it was referred to as a Cocker or Cocking Spaniel.
This breed has very acute scenting abilities and is one of the oldest of
land spaniels, but it differs from the American Cocker Spaniel.
Differences include being slightly larger, having a different head
shape, and a shorter coat.
The English Cocker Spaniel Club of America was founded in 1936 with the intent of formalizing the breed lines and standard, as well as to benefit fanciers.
Ultimately, in 1946, it was recognized by the AKC as a separate breed from the American Cocker.
English Cocker Spaniel dogs have gentle personalities and their disposition
is often described as being fun-loving and rather mischevious.
They are also both loyal and affectionate and make excellent family companions. However, Cockers are people lovers and do not do well if left alone too long.
Being eager to please, the English Cockers are very amenable to training if owners are very consistent and use a non-harsh approach.
This breed is quite active, full of spirit and likes to be included in whatever the family is doing.
English Cocker Spaniels owners can expect to enjoy their pet for a lifespan of up to 15 years with good nutrition and veterinary care.
If you are considering this particular spaniel as a family companion, there are some health issues that have been noted in the breed and which may affect them during their lifetime.
The main concerns revolve around eye problems to which they seem to be particularly vulnerable. These include:
Other issues to note are:
It's important to find a responsible breeder who can provide information on test clearances of a puppy's parents for hip and patella evaluations, PRA eyes, and hearing.
Height: 15-17 inches
Weight: 26-32 lbs
Color variations: Liver, Black, Shades of Red, Black with White, and Parti
English Cocker Spaniel dogs are sturdy, well-balanced dogs, compact in appearance and with very long ears. The eyes are bright and express both softness and intelligence. The tail is usually docked except in field bred dogs.
The medium-length coat is silky and lies flat. It requires regular brushing to keep free of mats and tangles, especially
after walks in woodland type areas.
The long ears of the Cocker need to be cleaned and checked often for foreign matter or signs of infection. Shedding of the coat is average.
The English Cocker Spaniel dog breed has a heritage of long days working in the field and retrieving game.
As such, he is a dog that enjoys a lot of
exercise and play!
In addition to regular and necessary walks, games are a very welcome pastime for expending his energy.
This breed does best in a home with a medium sized yard providing sufficient room for play activities, training sessions and of course to take care of business.
Bear in mind that Cockers are retrievers by nature and tend to roam, so the yard should be securely fenced.
The English Cocker Spaniel has a good reputation with children that are considerate and who have been taught not to tease or mishandle pets.
While having a pet in the family can be a great experience for children, it bears noting that even the best pets can be unpredictable. For this reason, we always advise that an adult be present whenever children and pets are interacting.
Resource for breeder or rescue information: English Cocker Spaniel Club of America
English Cocker Spaniel dogs are very loyal and loving, ideal traits for seniors and anyone more housebound.
They make excellent companions for providing exercise needs can be met.
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Images courtesy of: M Grynykha from Unsplash; I Krijgsman from Pixabay