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American Eskimo Dogs
Friendly And Protective!

american eskimo dogs American Eskimo Dogs, are descendents of the Nordic/Spitz families which includes the Samoyed, white Keeshound, the white Pomeranian, the white German Spitz, and the white Italian Spitz - Volpino Italiano, among others.

Historically, Spitz type dogs - primarily white coated, arrived in the United States along with the flow of German immigrants during the 19th century and eventually were referred to as American Spitz.

Subsequently as the lines developed within this group, the American Eskimo Dog became a separate breed from its Spitz relatives.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985 with the goal of acquiring AKC recognition for the breed. In 1995, this came to fruition when the AKC officially recognized the breed, fulfilling the Club's original intention.

This handsome dog has a look of kindness and substance; brown eyes that convey both alertness and intelligence, and a profuse white coat that can only be described as stunning.

Since he is a modern day dog breed, his purpose apart from early success as a circus entertainer, is as a family companion and renowned watchdog.

Personality and Traits:

American Eskimo Dogs have a loving and friendly temperament that makes them ideal family companions. They are noted for their keen watchdog abilities, while at the same time not being aggressive or threatening. However, over-zealous barking can occur, but with proper training and socialization early on, this can be modified.

This breed tends to become very tuned into to the moods of their human companions and will respond in kind. Keep this in mind when you are training your AED to be sure you are conveying a "confident" stance!

The Eskie, as he is often called, needs to be well-socialized and trained by an experienced owner. They are intelligent, clean and eager to please, but training should be done without harshness. These dogs respond much faster to training sessions that are short and sweet with a playful bias. Housetraining is usually handled with ease.

Some people have been so taken with the charm and good looks of this dog breed that they rushed to own one without thinking too much about the grooming work, training and socialization responsibilities that are a part of owning one. As a result, some have been relinquished or abandoned. Fortunately, there is an active American Eskimo rescue group at work to foster these remarkable dogs in need until new homes are found.

This breed has done well in competitive agility trials, obedience and detection work for law enforcement.


american eskimo dogs book american eskimo dogs book American Eskimo Dog breed information from the AKC indicates that this breed is placed in the non-sporting group, but is separated according to size into three divisions:

Toy American Eskimo Dog, Height 9 to 12 inches inclusive
Miniature American Eskimo Dog:
Height: over 12" up to 15" inclusive
And the Standard size:
Height: over 15" up to 19" inclusive

Dogs exceeding 19 inches or less than 9 inches in height, or those with blue eyes, would be subject to disqualification.

Weight is not stipulated in the AKC Standard, but a general guideline would be between 6-10 lbs. for the Toy, 10-20 lbs. for the Miniature, and 18-35 lbs. for the Standard size.
Color variations: Pure white or white with biscuit cream.

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Coat and Care:

A very profuse double coat consisting of a thick undercoat with longer growth extending to form the straight outer coat. The coat is much thicker around the around the hind end and rear legs and further adorned by a rich very full tail carried over the back. Likewise the ruff has a thick mane-like appearance.

With a coat of this magnitude, regular brushing is essential to keep it in good order. You'll want to obtain both a pin brush and a slicker brush, along with a wide-and-narrow spaced comb comb like this one Resco Combination Comb. The comb with its choice of tooth spacing will assist you with easing apart any mats or tangles you encounter. You may also need the assistance of some detangling spray.

The pin brush will be used for the majority of the brushing with the slicker being used mainly for those harder to reach areas such as inside the armpits. You may even want to get a triangular slicker brush for the difficult areas. The main thing is to purchase good quality grooming tools so as not to damage this beautiful coat.

Another excellent tool to have in your arsenal for handling the heavy shedding associated with the breed is the FURminator which countless owners wouldn't be without!

For a thorough description of dealing with mats and tangles in the coat,
read the article we wrote for here

Activity Level:

American Eskimo dogs, need a good amount of exercise not only to maintain physical and mental health, but also to prevent problems such as hyperactivity. In addition to long walks, an outdoor area with room to run and play will be enjoyed by your Eskie, but remember he is very agile and athletic so keep your fences high and secure.

Take care to time your dog walks with an eye to the temperature in consideration of his warm coat.
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Space Needs:

The Eskie can adapt to an apartment or house, but no doubt a house with yard would be his preferred choice. If he is unavoidably housebound, daily outdoor exercise becomes a high priority.

Like most nordic dog breeds, they are best suited to cooler climates.


This breed does best with older more controlled children. As always, no matter what the breed of dog, caution and supervision is recommended whenever children are interacting with pets.


Providing exercise requirements can be handled, American Eskimo Dogs make loving and protective companions for the elderly.

They have also proven themselves to be extremely good in therapy situations.

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Book Recommendation:

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Complete owner's manual covering a wealth of expert information on the breed. Includes personality characteristics, behaviors, puppy selection, feeding, training, and health care.

Great color photos.

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› American Eskimo Dogs



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