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English Toy Spaniel
Toy Dog Breeds

English Toy Spaniel - Toy Dog Breeds

The English Toy Spaniel was greatly admired by Mary Queen of Scots and one such loyal companion was said to be found hidden in her clothing on the day of her execution.

This spaniel breed line was developed around the time of King Charles II, in the 17th century, though it may have some previous roots in Asia.

These miniature spaniels are known in England as the King Charles Spaniel and were named for the king who was a fervent admirer of the breed and owned many of them.

In fact he was so fond of these spaniels as companions, that he passed a law that they should be allowed to enter any public place and also that no transit tax should apply to them.

Originally toy dog breeds were just very small dogs occurring in a litter of regular size dogs. Eventually, these little variations became sought after. Breeders seeing the value of this, began selectively breeding to produce the small, compact and sturdy toy dogs that you see today.

Appearance, Coat and Care

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Height: 10-11 inches Weight: 9-12 lbs.
Coat colors include: Black/tan (King Charles), tricolor (Prince Charles), red/white (Blenheim), and solid chestnut red (Ruby).

The English Toy Spaniel is a compact little dog. His furnishings are full with a good amount of feathering throughout the coat. He has rather large kindly eyes, a short muzzle with slightly undershot bite and a more pug-like nose than some other spaniels.

The coat is long, straight and silky and that is a recipe for tangles! To avoid them, keep him away from bushes during walks and brush his coat often. Shedding is about average for this breed.

Personality and Traits:

This particular Spaniel can best be described as a very affectionate companion dog that doesn't like being left alone. He is a natural lap dog, very devoted to owners and quite playful.

This breed has good intelligence, adapts to any environment and is easily trained in house rules. He doesn't bark a lot, but can make a respectable watchdog!

Spaniel Health:

The English Toy Spaniel is prone to heriditary eye problems such as Glaucoma, Cataracts, and Retinal Dysplasia.

Like most short faced dogs, he may also have respiratory issues and low heat tolerance. Other conditions related to the breed include knee problems such as patella luxation and MVD - mytral valve disease.

Because of their prominent eyes and long hanging ears, these areas especially need to be kept clean to avoid infections and ear mites.

Collapsed Trachea is another condition to be aware of that is most frequently associated with small dog breeds. To help avoid this condition, most vets recommended using a small dog harness instead of a collar, as this will take pressure off of the trachea.

Activity Level:

These miniature spaniels are of the more sedentary small dog breeds that are quiet and require minimal exercise. They are very happy to be curled up beside you.

Space Needs:

Does well in small homes or apartments - doesn't really need a yard, although it is always an advantage for obvious reasons.


English Toy Spaniels are quite fragile and do better if not around small children. However, children who are old enough to be considerate and gentle would definitely enjoy this playful companion.


Considering the modest exercise requirements and gentle nature of this spaniel, it is an excellent choice of dog for the elderly or more sedentary family. They are also quite alert to potential intruders.

Fun Stuff for Small dogs:

The Doggies Want Your WOOF!


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